Wednesday, August 01, 2012

Arlene's Fertilizing Tips

Arlene’s Fertilizing Tips

Don’t forget to fertilize if you haven’t amended your soil, added compost or any organic matter before planting!
Use the correct kind of fertilizer for each of your different plants, shrubs and trees!  Too much nitrogen (the first number of the fertilizer) will produce a lot of leaf, with little bloom for your blooming plants and ornamental trees and shrubs.
Always fertilize when your plants are well watered, never when they are dry as they may get leaf burn.

For your blooming plants, use a fertilizer with high phosphorus (a high middle number fertilizer), such as Miracle Gro 15-30-15.  Follow the directions and fertilize right through until frost!

For Vegetables, I recommend using an organic fertilizer such as Tomato & Vegetable fertilizer made by Bio Fert Manufacturing from B.C.. It’s all organic; contains blood meal, plant extractions (alfalfa), kelp & soybean mulch and fish emulsion without the odour!  The numbers are 2.5 – 1 – 4.  It produces richer tasting vegetables with a longer shelf life.

For leafy plants like Hosta, use an all-purpose fertilizer like a Miracle Gro 20-20-20.

For Evergreens, make sure you use an evergreen fertilizer.  They are acid lovers and require a different fertilizer than deciduous trees and shrubs. Use a fertilizer specific to evergreens.  Azaleas, blueberries and Rhododendrons are also acid lovers.

For Deciduous Trees and Shrubs, in particular, your blooming ones, use a high phosphorous such as you would use for your blooming plants, such as a Miracle Gro 15-30-15.

Established trees need only to be fertilized every few years, while recently planted trees and shrubs need to be fertilized every year.  There are several factors that should be considered in deciding whether or not to fertilize.  Observe the general vigor of the plant and the colour of the foliage.  Undersized leaves and short new twig growth generally indicate a need for fertilizer.  Yellowing leaves, if you can still see the green veins, generally indicate a lack of iron and an iron should be added to the soil or sprayed on the leaves.  At times the application of a fertilizer will also correct the problem.

Stop all fertilizing after the second week in August at the very latest for everything except annuals.  If you continue to fertilize, plants, trees, shrubs and especially roses, they won’t have time to prepare for winter.  You don’t want a lot of new growth going into the frosty season!

Keep your plants healthy with what they require for nutrient and you will have fewer problems with insects and disease!!!
Posted by Tammy Jensen at 5:00 PM 0 Comments

Wednesday, May 23, 2012

Well, this is the time for planting – finally!!!

We must remember to get our plants ready for the great outdoors where they will be subject to the elements of the season.  Most plants at many greenhouses and different places have been babied and have not been used to the wind and the direct sun. To make sure your plants are going to survive and be healthy and strong, put them first in a shady, sheltered area and then gradually move them into the sun and the wind for a few hours at a time.  You may have to do this for a few days before planting them out into the garden area or will they will eventually call home.  They will need a lot of water for the first while they are out so they don’t dry out and get stressed.  If they look wilted or the leaves become white (scorched by the sun), give them a good drink and move them back into a sheltered, shady area for a few hours before you move them back out again to where they will be planted.  If you have already planted them out into the garden area, you may have to shelter them from the hot sun and wind by using sheets, newspaper or cardboard boxes to cover them.  Plant out your sun plants first and then your shade plants.  If the temperature drops below 10 degrees at night, your shade plants may suffer and become stressed, so if you have a lot of planting to do, leave your shade plants until the temperature at night is 10 degrees or higher.  If you are planting your containers, the ideal time to plant is in the early evening.  They will then get the rest of the night to settle in before the hot, windy conditions of the day.  For the first week, just make sure everything is well watered and then after the first week once they are settled in, start your fertilizing program.  Most plants purchased have little to no food in the soil less mix they are grown in, so you must improve the soil with compost or fertilizer of some kind.  For blooming plants, I recommend a water soluble fertilizer with a high middle number to encourage bloom.  Miracle Gro 15-30-15 is a good one to use.  A fertilizer too high in nitrogen, the first number will encourage a lot of leaf, but little bloom.  If you follow this simple plan, you will have strong, healthy plants that will ward off a lot of insects and give you a lot of bloom throughout the rest of the summer!
Arlene Wheeler
Posted by Tammy Jensen at 8:03 AM 0 Comments